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4 Types of Ship Launching Methods
Latest company news about 4 Types of Ship Launching Methods


4 Types of Ship Launching Methods



Launching ships is one of the most important procedures of the entire ship construction process. The ship launching slipway, a structure consisting of a sloping way down to the water from the shipyard, is an essential aspect of the ship launching procedure and has been extensively used for launching newly made or repaired ships. Last few years have seen a number of developments in the field of ship launching systems for improving the safety and stability of the ship in the water.



Different types of Ship launching methods


Traditionally, ship launching in the water is done using four main types of methods. 


1. Gravitational type launching
2. Floating-out type launching
3. Mechanical Type launching
4. Airbag launching



1. Gravitational type launching:


The gravitational type launching system is further divided into three main types, which are:

  • Longitudinal Oiled Slideway Launching
  • Longitudinal Steel – Roller Slideway Launching
  • Side Oiled Slideway Launching
  • Longitudinal Oiled Slideway Launching

The longitudinal oiled slideway launching is one of the oldest forms of launching systems. Using this system, the ship slides on a ship launch rollerslideway and under its own weight enters the water. Oil or wax is used to assist in the sliding process.

The main advantage of this method is that it uses simple equipment and can be used for vessels with different tonnage and types. However, the coating of oil which is used to slide the ship smoothly can pollute the water. There is also danger of huge pressure on the front part of the ship during the launch.


Longitudinal Steel – Roller Slideway Launching

In this type of ship launching method steel rollers are used instead of oil to reduce friction during sliding. This method uses high-intensity steel rollers, security devices, and steel boards for the launching. The steel plate on the wooden slide helps in the sliding process and the slide rails help them to protect from steel balls. Net bags are used at the end of the slide to collect the steel balls so that they can be used again. This method is most effective and easy to start. However, the initial installation charges are high.


Side Oiled Slideway Launching

ship Slideway LaunchingThe side oiled slideway launching system is also one of the most widely used ship launching systems. This type of system is mainly of two types.

In the first type, the slideway extends into the water and the ship slides into the water using the slideway. In the second method, the slideway doesn’t go until the water and the ship along with the frame slides into the water. The ship then becomes steady based on its own buoyancy and stability factors. Such launching requires the ship to have great stability and strength.



2. Floating- Out Type Launching


The floating out type launching is carrying out for ships that are built-in dry-docks and are launched by filling the dock with water. (Technically this is not a ship launching procedure)ship in dry dock The floating-out type launching system is a simple, effective, and safe procedure. Though the initial investment is high, this type of method is most widely used by shipbuilders.



3. Mechanical Type Launching


The mechanical type ship launching system can be divided into following types:
1. Longitudinal mechanized slideway launching
2. Two points longitudinal mechanized chute launching
3. Wedge-shaped mechanized vehicles launching
4. Slope change transverse area mechanized vertical chute launching
5. High-low track slide mechanization launching
6. mechanical ship launchMechanized comb slide
7. Lifting ship equipment
All the above-mentioned system requires a mechanical feature to launch a ship. The construction and maintenance expenditure is high, whereas the mobility and controlling factors of the systems are not up-to-the-mark. All these methods are mainly used for smaller size vessels and cannot be used for large, high tonnage ships.



latest company news about 4 Types of Ship Launching Methods  0



4. Airbags Launching


Launching ships using airbags is an innovative and safe technique to launch ships in the water. These airbags are usually cylindrical in shape with hemispherical heads at both ends. They are made of reinforced rubber layers and have high load capacity. This method can easily be used in all types and sizes of vessels.


By Raunek | In Guidelines |

Pub Time : 2021-05-05 16:39:51 >> News list
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